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Inclines

The Monongahela Incline and Duquesne Incline overlook one of the world's great cityscapes. Tourists marvel at the skyline view while riding two of only a few remaining inclines in the country. The inclines remain the best way for thousands of Mount Washington residents get to their jobs, entertainment and shopping in Downtown Pittsburgh and Station Square.


View Pittsburgh's Inclines in a larger map

Monongahela Incline

Monongahela Incline

The Monongahela Incline – often called the Mon Incline for short – is the oldest continuously operating funicular railway in the U.S. It opened on May 28, 1870, and has since then transported millions of passengers.

By 1860, Pittsburgh was a rapidly expanding industrial city with most of its factories and mills located along the river flats. In a time when most people walked to work, homes quickly filled in the areas surrounding these industries and the need for additional housing within a short distance of their work caused people to begin living atop nearby Mount Washington. Steep paths were the only quick means of travel between the mountain’s top and the river flats below. Despite plenty of available land for housing, development of Mount Washington lagged due to a lack of good roads and public transportation until the predominantly German immigrants of Coal Hill – as Mount Washington was then known – proposed the construction of several inclines similar to ones already operating in their native land.

Built at a cost of $50,000, the incline opened up Mount Washington to development, enabling people to live 600 feet above the city and still have easy access to factories and businesses along the river.

The Mon Incline was consolidated into Port Authority operations in 1964 and declared a historic structure by the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation in 1970.

Since then, Port Authority has made a number of renovations to ensure this historic mode of transit is enjoyed for years to come. Today, more than 1,500 riders use the Mon Incline on an average weekday, with that number nearly doubling for Saturday sightseeing.

Mon Incline Facts:

  • Length: 635 feet
  • Elevation: 367.39 feet
  • Grade: 35 degrees, 35 minutes
  • Speed: 6 miles per hour
  • Passenger Capacity: 23 per car
  • Opened: May 28, 1870
  • Renovation History:
    • 1882: Steel structure
    • 1935: Electrical equipment replaced steam engines
    • 1982-83: Structure, lower station and cars rehabilitated
    • 1994: Upper station restored; electrical, motor and braking systems rebuilt; cars made wheelchair accessible; trackway lighting installed  

Fares:

Cash, ConnectCard, passes, transfers and tickets are accepted as payment on the Monongahela Incline.

  • $2.50 cash fare one way for adults
  • $1.25 cash fare one way for children ages 6-11
  • Children ages 5 and younger may ride for free when accompanied by an adult
  • $1.25 cash fare one way for persons with disabilities using reduced-fare ConnectCard or presenting Reduced-Fare Transit Card or Medicare card 
  • Senior citizens (65+) may ride for free with proper ID (Medicare card or Senior Citizen ID card)
  • Riders may buy a transfer for $1.00 (50 cents for half-fare riders) for a connecting ride. Transfers must be used within three hours.
  • Riders may request a free continuation transfer (or "CT") to connect to select bus or T routes in order to continue their commute. View information about continuation transfers. CTs must be used within one hour.

Hours:

  • Monday-Saturday: 5:30 a.m. to 12:45 a.m.
  • Sundays and holidays: 8:45 a.m. to midnight

Duquesne Incline

The Duquesne Incline was very close to going out of business in 1963, when a group of Duquesne Heights residents raised money and took over its operation as the nonprofit Society for the Preservation of the Duquesne Heights Incline. For more on the history of the Duquesne Incline, please visit its website.

View of the point from the top of the Duquesne Incline

Facts:

  • Length: 794 feet
  • Elevation: 400 feet
  • Grade: 30.5 degrees
  • Speed: 6 miles per hour
  • Passenger Capacity: 18 per car

Fares:

Cash, ConnectCard, passes and tickets are accepted as payment on the Duquesne Incline.

  • $2.50 cash fare each way for adults
  • $1.25 cash fare each way for children ages 6-11
  • Children ages 5 and younger may ride for free when accompanied by an adult
  • $1.25 cash fare one way for persons with disabilities using reduced-fare ConnectCard or presenting Reduced-Fare Transit Card or Medicare card
  • Senior citizens (65+) may ride for free with proper ID (Medicare card or Senior Citizen ID card)
  • Riders may request a free continuation transfer (or "CT") to connect to select bus routes in order to continue their commute. View information about continuation transfers.            
  • Group rates are available upon request by calling 412-381-1665.

Hours:

  • Monday-Saturday: 5:30 a.m. to 12:45 a.m.
  • Sundays and holidays: 7:00 a.m. to 12:45 a.m.

For more information on the Duquesne Incline, call 412-381-1665 or visit the Duquesne Incline website.

 

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