What is TOD?
Transit-oriented development is deliberately planned higher-density, mixed-use development within walking distance of a transit station. Transit stations are typically transit stops that are located along fixed guideways and feature more infrastructure and amenities than typical on-street transit stops.
Mixed-use development integrated with transit infrastructure creates a ready-made community of transit riders. The proximity and convenience of transit, combined with the walkability and diversity of services in the immediate area, supports a multimodal, if not car-free, lifestyle for people of all ages and incomes. Over the last decade, transit agencies across the country have come to see the benefits of TOD to their systems and of involvement in TOD advocacy, design, and joint development.
Benefits of TOD
TOD can provide many benefits to the community in which it’s located, including: increased transit ridership, economic development, diverse transportation choices, stable property values, and reduced air pollution.
“One of the primary benefits of joint development is revenue generation for the transit system, such as income derived from rental or lease payments, as well as private sector contributions to public infrastructure. Other benefits include shared costs, efficient land use, reduced distance between transportation and other activities, economic development, increased transit ridership, and improved transit connectivity.” – Federal Transit Administration Guidance on Joint Development (2014)
Research shows that TOD results in higher levels of transit ridership, fewer automobile trips, and lower car ownership rates than other types of development.
Allegheny Places, Allegheny County comprehensive plan. Published in 2008, updated in 2014.
Federal Transit Administration Guidance on Joint Development, provides guidance on how FTA-funded agencies can participate in joint development. Published in August 2014.